Expanding Our Understanding of the Psychosocial Work Environment : A Compendium of Measures of Discrimination, Harassment, and Work-Family Issues

Expanding Our Understanding of the Psychosocial Work Environment : A Compendium of Measures of Discrimination, Harassment, and Work-Family Issues

Description

There is broad recognition that the psychosocial environment at work can affect physical and mental health as well as organizational outcomes such as work performance and effectiveness. There is a substantial literature linking "job strain" and cardiovascular disease. The economic costs of job strain and job stress in general are related to absenteeism, turnover, and lost productivity, and, although difficult to estimate, could be as high as several hundred billion dollars per year. Thus for social as well as economic reasons, research aimed at understanding the conditions of work that contribute to physical and mental health concerns is well worth an intensified focus. The psychosocial domains studied by occupational health researchers typically include psychological job demands, job control (decision latitude), social support, and intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. These factors, reflecting the organization of the work process, are often used to define the "psychosocial work environment." However, health and well-being are also affected by other features of the psychosocial work climate, such as unfair or inequitable treatment of employees, sexual harassment, and discrimination. Differential treatment, whether in terms of gender, age, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, or disabilities, is increasingly recognized as a chronic stressor that can affect both psychological and physical health. Experiences of discrimination can operate either in a cumulative way or in combination with each other. Furthermore, they are inherently likely to be distributed differentially by socioeconomic position. Although it appears that discrimination experienced by members of target social groups has detrimental consequences, conceptual approaches and strength of findings vary, methodological problems with the literature have been noted, and the evidence regarding long-term health outcomes is limited to date. Direct links to "upstream" organizational practices (e.g., workplace policies, programs, climate) have rarely been made empirically. Relevant literature is explored in more detail below, to summarize both our knowledge to date and the gaps in the empirical research, as well as to motivate inclusion of these work environment features in future studies. One barrier to such research is the lack of awareness of appropriate measurement instruments. Thus the primary purpose of the current project has been to identify measures of gender and race-related dynamics in the workplace and to make them more easily accessible. Following the brief introduction and literature summary, this document catalogues 46 measures of biases, discrimination, and harassment that may be useful to occupational health researchers who wish to explore these issues further.

Similar Books

ISBN 10: 1481060635
ISBN 13: 9781481060639

21 Nov 2012
United States Government Us Army

ISBN 10: 1495958612
ISBN 13: 9781495958618

15 Feb 2014
Centers for Disease Cont And Prevention

ISBN 10: 1645020096
ISBN 13: 9781645020097

09 Apr 2020
Arthur Firstenberg

ISBN 10: 1912891158
ISBN 13: 9781912891153

02 Feb 2021
The School of Life

ISBN 10: 1472420748
ISBN 13: 9781472420749

28 Nov 2013
Jean Pari├Ęs

ISBN 10: 1913710157
ISBN 13: 9781913710156

30 Sep 2021
Fred Ellgen

ISBN 10: 0367509563
ISBN 13: 9780367509569

25 Jun 2021
Clive Lloyd

ISBN 10: 0135404673
ISBN 13: 9780135404676

25 Feb 2019
Paul Deitel

ISBN 10: 0415730783
ISBN 13: 9780415730785

22 Jan 2015
Wise Global Training Ltd

ISBN 10: 0750650362
ISBN 13: 9780750650366

26 Dec 2001
Jacqueline Jeynes

ISBN 10: 0717157334
ISBN 13: 9780717157334

13 Mar 2015
NIFAST

ISBN 10: 1138481785
ISBN 13: 9781138481787

19 Apr 2019
Sidney Dekker